The ABC's of Back Health

Lauren Grenier, Roni Jamnik

Abstract


Low back pain is one of the leading causes of disability, absenteeism and a major contributor to medical expenses in industrialized countries. Physical activity ranging in intensity, frequency, duration and type, has become a commonly used intervention for ameliorating/eliminating low back disorders. To date, no specific exercise intervention has been shown to be substantially more effective than another. A higher level of physical activity participation may help to lower the incidence of low back pain. However, this is not necessarily the case and an alternative theory is that the relationship between back pain and the level of physical activity follows a U-shaped curve, i.e. that too little or too much activity is equally detrimental to back health. Several researchers have demonstrated that muscular endurance and not muscular strength is more protective when it comes to the low back. Emphasis should be placed on the co-contraction of the back extensors and abdominals through isometric stabilization exercises. There is also considerable evidence that general aerobic exercise such as walking plays a key role in both preventing and treating low back injuries.

Keywords


physical activity, fitness, low back pain, low back disorders, isometric, stabilization

Full Text:

PDF




Copyright (c)

ISSN: 19206216