Physical activity, performance and education: preferences of patients with type 2 diabetes in Nigeria

Ade Fatai Adeniyi, Omoyemi Olubunmi Ogwumike, Aramide Adeola Akinleye, Jokotade Oluremi Adeleye

Abstract


Background: That people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) do not seem to be adequately active may be because the prescribed physical activities are not in agreement with the patients preferences. This study explored physical activity preferences of a group of patients with T2DM in Nigeria.

Methodology: A total of 259 patients with T2DM, who were not barred from physical activity were consecutively recruited into the study with each completing a questionnaire designed to assess physical activity preferences in the areas of performance and education.

Results: Walking was the 1st rate physical activity for 220 (84.9%) of the participants, while swimming was only considered by 2 (0.8%) persons as a 3rd rate choice. Majority of them (83%) will prefer their physical activity sessions at home, 77.6% will prefer unsupervised activity sessions, and 70.3% will prefer physical activity education directly from healthcare providers. Preference for physical activity sessions in the home were significantly linked with older age, being employed, educated, married, living in an urban settlement and diagnosis since 10 years and older (p < .01).

Conclusion: Most of the patients preferred walking than any other activity but yet will want to undertake the activity within their homes. They also yearned for physical activity education, but directly from healthcare providers and not through print or electronic media. Expanded physical activity orientation for the patients is needed in order to enhance informed acceptability of other beneficial physical activity options.


Keywords


Physical activity; Health promotion; Preferences; Chronic disorders

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ISSN: 19206216